Category Archives: #A-Z of environmental pollution

The Environmental A-Z…the letter S…#Smog, Sustainable Agriculture, Solid Waste…The Earthshot Prize

Welcome to my Environmental A-Z…today it’s the letter S…I have been heartened to hear how many of you feel like I do that we need to take our own steps to avoid pollution wherever we can…

Abraham Lincoln is correct we need to act now to create the future for our families that we want…but at the moment we can only dream of…

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

 

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter S…

Salinisation…Salinization is the increase of salt concentration in soil and is, in most cases, caused by dissolved salts in the water supply. This supply of water can be caused by flooding of the land by seawater, seepage of seawater or brackish groundwater through the soil from below.

It is also a global problem as Salinity affects production in crops, pastures and trees by interfering with nitrogen uptake, reducing growth and stopping plant reproduction. Some ions (particularly chloride) are toxic to plants and as the concentration of these ions increases, the plant is poisoned and dies.

The solution and different types…

How farmers deal with Salinisation…they avoid over-irrigation by monitoring soil moisture to work out water requirements. good crop selection such as using deep-rooted plants to maximise water extraction. minimising fallow periods using crop rotations and break crops…

Smog…Smog is air pollution that reduces visibility. The term “smog” was first used in the early 1900s to describe a mix of smoke and fog. The smoke usually came from burning coal. Smog was common in industrial areas and remains a familiar sight in cities today. Today, most of the smog we see is photochemical smog.

What is photochemical smog? Photochemical smog is a mixture of pollutants that are formed when nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) react to sunlight, creating a brown haze above cities. It tends to occur more often in summer because that is when we have the most sunlight.

What are the dangers?
Photochemical smog can have an effect on the environment, on people’s health and even on various materials. The main visible effect is the brown haze that can be seen above many cities. The brown tinge is caused by very small liquid and solid particles scattering the light.

It all sounds harmful and scary to me…

Sustainable Development…Sustainable development can be defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs…Fine words but what is really the reality?

The-Sustainable-Development-Goals-Report-2021.pdf

Solid Waste…

Solid Waste” means any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities. Nearly everything we do leaves behind some kind of waste.

It is important to note that the definition of solid waste is not limited to wastes that are physically solid. Many solid wastes are liquid, semi-solid, or contained gaseous material.

Municipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known as trash or garbage in the United States and rubbish in Britain, is a waste type consisting of everyday items that are discarded by the public. “Garbage” can also refer specifically to food waste, as in a garbage disposal; the two are sometimes collected separately.

Sustainable Agriculture…Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways meeting society’s present food and textile needs, without compromising the ability of current or future generations to meet their needs.

Interestingly I watched “The Earth shot Prize” Repairing our Planet…Set up by Prince William it includes Sir David Attenborough who is on the committee…I downloaded it on Utorrent for me it is a wonderful idea and I am so very proud of Prince William and Sir David Attenborough you can tell how much thought has gone into this and they are committed to making the right decisions by including people from around the world…

PLEASE WATCH IT, if you can… the first one was in part about cattle and in particular how much damage they cause to the environment but most importantly how this can be addressed …I believe we can still enjoy our beef if that’s what we want to eat maybe in smaller quantities as I also believe we should increase our fruit and vegetable intake…not just for the environment but for our health… the two go hand in hand.

We need radical changes to how we farm, how we buy, how we eat and what we eat…for our health and the health of the planet…

What worried me though and it should worry you is that while I have been conducting research I read that and I was astounded that despite the focus being on building sustainable and fair food systems the UN summit was boycotted and criticized by none other than scientists, farming groups and social movements…

I was now reading this with a look of pure disbelief on my face…Why?…instead of giving the platform to groups who were building and advocating for sustainable food systems worldwide…the summit centred around major food and agriculture companies who argue that the way forward is through proprietary tech and more chemicals.

This greatly concerns me as we have COPD26 coming up…This post summed it up…Working Together For Planet…There is no Planet B…

This is important as we need to act now...Politicians need to make the big decisions now to end our dependence on fossil fuels and they need our support to do this. This is our opportunity to let our representatives know that we want them to take action NOW….MY BIG FEAR IS THAT THE SAME WILL HAPPEN AT COPD26 AS WHAT HAPPENED AT THE UN SUMMIT…The way forward is not through propriety tech and more chemicals in my mind..so please if you are as concerned as I am please act now…

Thank you so much for reading this and please, please at least have a read..we don’t need a COPD27 because nothing of use was taken forward from COPD26.

 

CarolCooks2 weekly roundup…September 26th-October 2nd 2021…Environmental A-Z, Hasselback Potatoes, Lancashire Hotpot, Radon, Cardiovascular Disease, Music and Brighton Pier…

My Environmental A-Z, Hasselback Potatoes, Lancashire Hotpot, Radon gas, Cardiovascular Disease, World Vegetarian Day and Music from Brenda Lee…think Rockin around the Christmas Tree…

Welcome to the round-up of posts you might have missed this week on CarolCooks2… Time is marching on we have now entered the beginning of October…the month for Halloween Festivities… where the last of the summer sun for some of us is on the wane and where for others spring has sprung…Soups and salads are on the tables around the world…for some, the leaves are starting to turn into glorious shades of oranges and reds elsewhere the spring bulbs and beautiful flowers are unfurling their leaves and petals both showing how beautiful this world is in its changes of seasons…

Some snippets of upcoming festivities in October around the world?…

Korea…Chuseok is the Korean harvest festival. The days that it is celebrated change every year as it is determined by the lunar calendar. It begins on the 14th day of the 8th lunar month, so it is celebrated either at the end of summer or the beginning of autumn. During Chuseok many Koreans go back to their hometowns to spend time with family and friends while giving thanks to their ancestors and eating delicious food. It is tradition to visit ancestral graves and honour the dead…where it’s time to traditionally feast on songpyeon which are rice cakes with a sweet filling. 

Unfortunately, Oktoberfest that is a celebration of beer, lots of pretzels and authentic German sausages has been cancelled due to Covid…Ahhhhhh!

Albuquerque, New Mexico…International Balloon Festival from the 1st-9th October…where more than 750 air balloons take to the early morning skies…I have seen such a sight in Weston Super-mare in the UK and it is a wonderous sight to see all the colours of the rainbow…those balloons are magnificent a sight to behold…

If you are in or near London…then from today(3rd) Oct until the 9th October it’s London Cocktail Week...good food… where great food and delicious cocktails will be on offer… there will be curated cocktail hours and masterclasses all held at the Old Spitalfield Market.

The #1 today 3rd October 1987 was this dance track…

Now let’s get to my posts from last week…the round-up of posts you might have missed on CarolCooks2…

As last week was the end of National Potato Month…I have treated you to some of my favourite potato recipes all tried and tested in my kitchen…Starting with a lovely Lancashire Hotpot…a slow-cooked lamb dish with potatoes…

CarolCooks2…in my kitchen…Traditional Lancashire Hotpot…

Today it was Hasselback Potatoes which look spectacular on the plate…

CarolCooks2…in my kitchen…Hasselback Potatoes…

The Environmental A-Z and this week it was the letter R…Radon gas and renewable energy…

The Environmental A-Z…the letter R…#Radon and Renewable Resources

Cardiovascular Disease which affects women as well as men…#recommended read.

Please head over to Smorgasbord Magazine as it really does affect us, ladies, we need to know the signs and what preventative steps we can take to protect ourselves.

Smorgasbord Health Column – Women’s Health Month – Cardiovascular Disease – Heart Attacks and Strokes by Sally Cronin

The final potato post as we have come to the end of the month…I will however be posting more for the foreseeable as it’s quite clear that potatoes are loved and eaten around the world every day.

CarolCooks2…in my kitchen…Moussaka with a difference…

World Vegetarian Day…

Although I am not vegetarian I eat far less meat and more plant-based dishes than I have ever done…both for my health and the health of the planet…

As today was the 1 st of October I also looked at some important days for the remainder of the month of October…like World Food Day and Halloween.

October 2021…World Vegetarian Day(1st) plus Music, World Food Day, Halloween and what’s in between?

Saturday Snippets…I love these one-word prompts and this came from Clive who writes the blog “Take it Easy“…Clive confessed after the fact… that he had never gone fishing and that he thought I had done well with the prompt…did he think I would not give it a good go I asked myself…lol…it wasn’t the easiest of prompts with the “ing” on the end …but I had fun…missed a couple …a great band from Vermont(thank you) Dorothy and a Ben & Jerry’s Ice cream..how could I have missed that one, Dorothy…caramel swirls and fudge…Yum…

and for the final time of asking please send me a one word prompt..someone?????

Saturday Snippets 2nd October 2021…Gone Fishing…

Update on Lauren…she has had a lovely week in Cyprus before her chemotheraphy treatment starts…I will be happy when she is back home safely but so happy she got to see Bobbie being a bridesmaid…she has made some lovely memories…

The idea of teddies instead of flowers I thought was lovely…xx

Thank you for reading this weekly roundup see you next week for more recipes and environmental news with the odd music video…xxx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thank you for joining me today for my weekly roundup…Hope to see you here next week for more on the environment and in my kitchen xxx

The Environmental A-Z…the letter R…#Radon and Renewable Resources

Welcome to my Environmental A-Z…today it’s the letter R…I have been unable to find anything beginning with the letter Q…I have also been heartened to hear how many of you feel like I do that we need to take our own steps to avoid pollution wherever we can…

Abraham Lincoln is correct we need to act now to create the future for our families that we want…but at the moment we can only dream of…

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

 

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter R( No) Q…

Radon…

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that can cause lung cancer. Radon gas is inert, colourless and odourless. Radon is naturally in the atmosphere in trace amounts. Outdoors, radon disperses rapidly and, generally, is not a health issue. Most radon exposure occurs inside homes, schools and workplaces. Radon gas becomes trapped indoors after it enters buildings through cracks and other holes in the foundation. Indoor radon can be controlled and managed with proven, cost-effective techniques.

Breathing radon over time increases your risk of lung cancer. Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States. Nationally, the EPA estimates that about 21,000 people die each year from radon-related lung cancer. Only smoking causes more lung cancer deaths…to read the full report please click this link.

Indoor radon is a preventable risk factor that can be handled through effective national policies and regulations. 

This is the report from the  World Health Organisation(WHO)

Personally, I have never been aware of any national policies surrounding this…Have you?

Renewable Resources…

Renewable resources are an energy source that cannot be depleted and are able to supply a continuous source of clean energy.

Currently, these are the most popular resources…

  1. Solar energy…Sunlight is one of our planet’s most abundant and freely available energy resources. The amount of solar energy that reaches the earth’s surface in one hour is more than the planet’s total energy requirements for a whole year. Although it sounds like a perfect renewable energy source, the amount of solar energy we can use varies according to the time of day and the season of the year as well as geographical location. In the UK, solar energy is an increasingly popular way to supplement your energy usage.
  2. Wind energy…The wind is a plentiful source of clean energy. Wind farms are an increasingly familiar sight around the world with wind power making an ever-increasing contribution to the National Grids. To harness electricity from wind energy, turbines are used to drive generators which then feed electricity into a National Grid. Although domestic or ‘off-grid generation systems are available, not every property is suitable for a domestic wind turbine.
  3. Hydro energy…As a renewable energy resource, hydropower is one of the most commercially developed. By building a dam or barrier, a large reservoir can be used to create a controlled flow of water that will drive a turbine, generating electricity. This energy source can often be more reliable than solar or wind power (especially if it’s tidal rather than river) and also allows electricity to be stored for use when demand reaches a peak.
  4. Tidal energy…This is another form of hydro energy that uses twice-daily tidal currents to drive turbine generators. Although tidal flow unlike some other hydro energy sources isn’t constant, it is highly predictable and can therefore compensate for the periods when the tide current is low.
  5. Geothermal energy…    By harnessing the natural heat below the earth’s surface, geothermal energy can be used to heat homes directly or to generate electricity. Although it harnesses power directly below our feet, geothermal energy is of negligible importance in the UK for example compared to countries such as Iceland, where geothermal heat is much more freely available.
  6. Biomass energy…This is the conversion of solid fuel made from plant materials into electricity. Although fundamentally, biomass involves burning organic materials to produce electricity, and nowadays this is a much cleaner, more energy-efficient process. By converting agricultural, industrial and domestic waste into solid, liquid and gas fuel, biomass generates power at a much lower economic and environmental cost.

With a few available options, I am wondering why we are still burning fossil fuels as they are not renewable and will run out…Plus they release Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere which contributes to Climate Change and Global Warming…Just asking!

Thank you for joining today for my environmental A-Z…See you tomorrow in my kitchen for more potatoes to finish of National Potato Month…xxx

 

 

 

 

 

It’s National Cheeseburger Day 2021! Bite Into These Great Cheeseburger Recipes!

It’s National Cheeseburger Day and nobody knows his burgers like this man…John Rieber will set your taste buds zinging...#recommended read

Head over and take your appetite…Enjoy!

https://johnrieber.com/2021/09/18/its-national-cheeseburger-day-2021-bite-into-these-great-cheeseburger-recipes/

The Environmental A-Z…the letter P…

 

Welcome to my Environmental A-Z…today it’s the letter P…I have been heartened to hear how many of you feel like I do that we need to take our own steps to avoid pollution wherever we can…

Abraham Lincoln is correct we need to act now to create the future for our families that we want…but at the moment we can only dream of…

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

 

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter P.

Pharmaceutical Waste…

Pharmaceutical waste is any leftover, unused or expired medication that is no longer needed or can no longer be used. It can be classified as either hazardous or non-hazardous depending on its chemical properties and its risk to humans and the environment.

The Risks…

To reduce these risks, pharmaceutical waste must be sorted and specially treated in one of several ways. Popular methods include the use of lined landfills, incineration, return to the manufacturer for chemical recycling, or encapsulation in cement (World Health, 1999).

Pollution…

A Simple Definition...Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. … Pollutants can be natural, such as volcanic ash. They can also be created by human activity, such as trash or runoff produced by factories. Pollutants damage the quality of air, water, and land.

A simple solution...there is not one …pollution surrounds us…in our everyday lives, jobs, leisure even while we sleep with the aircon running…

Pesticides…

A pesticide is a chemical that is used to kill or prevent small animals (or organisms) which are considered to be unwanted. These organisms are called pests. … Many pesticides are poisonous, and are bad for not only the organisms they kill but for humans too. A pesticide also affects the environment and the atmosphere.

There has been much talk and court cases over the use of pesticides and their effect on human health over the years…Yes, it takes time, effort, research and knowing your plants or crops to avoid the use of pesticides but it is doable as is preventing the cost of health and harm to the environment…don’t wait until its too late and the earth is too polluted to save …Act Now!

Phthalates…

What are Phthalates they are a group of chemicals used to make plastics more durable. They are often called plasticizers. Some phthalates are used to help dissolve other materials. Phthalates are in hundreds of products, such as vinyl flooring, lubricating oils, and personal-care products (soaps, shampoos, hair sprays).

Many of us pick these up and put them in our trolleys without a care…Little do we know the harm they do to us, the waterways, the environment and for plastic pollution the list is endless..

Plus food is the leading source of exposure. Phthalates have been found in dairy products, meats, fish, oils & fats, baked goods, infant formula, processed foods, and fast foods.

Ahhh so that’s what they are …Ewww another word to look out for when I am label reading…I often wonder (yes) too much time on my hands or a mind that doesn’t stop whirring…That if I could go into one store and sort the products I have or would buy into 3 piles…

  1. A definite no pile,
  2. I think you are being creative in your product description pile…so no!
  3. Buy.

I am guessing I would be left with very little and probably mainly vegetables…

The Answer…

  • Don’t trust a label do your own research.
  • Grow or make your own or find a trusted local supplier.
  • Or ask yourself do I really need this product.

Polychlorinated biphenyls…

(PCBs) are a mixture of individual chemicals which are no longer produced in the United States but are still found in the environment. Health effects associated with exposure to PCBs include acne-like skin conditions in adults and neurobehavioral and immunological changes in children.

This statement makes me believe even more that far more stringent research needs to be done before a product is released to the world as although banned NOW…the harm continues…

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons…

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons usually occurs by breathing air contaminated by wildfires or coal tar, or by eating foods that have been grilled.  PAHs may contribute to reproductive and immunologic health effects and may be carcinogenic.

Post-Consumer Waste…

Post-Consumer Food Waste is food waste discarded by customers/guests/students/patients/ visitors after the food has been sold or served.

What can I add to what you don’t already know…fast food plus everyday purchases are mainly the culprits…I only need to read how waste from these has spiralled during the lockdown, takeaway food has been encouraged..stay home and get it delivered all our governments have been telling us…

Particulate Matter…

Particulate matter is a generic term to classify air pollutants comprising of suspended particles in the air, varying in composition and size, resulting from various anthropogenic activities. Industrial facilities, Power plants, vehicles, incinerators, dust and fires are the major source of particulate matter.

Well after a particularly joyous and informative post which left me the author feeling somewhat deflated and Mehr… thinking about all this and the fact it just surrounds me where do I start or what next is there to do and research, eliminate from my life and home..where will it end?… That I don’t want to think about…But I did and thought I need air…to cheer you up I hope you enjoy …

That’s all for today…I hope you have a lovely day tomorrow I invite you to join me in the kitchen… I hope to see you there.xx

 

The Environmental A-Z…the letter O…Oils Spills and Ozone…

 

Welcome to my Environmental A-Z…today its the letter O…

Last weeks post was rather a scary one to write…it also seems many of you feel like I do that we need to take out own steps to avoid pollution wherever we can…

Abraham Lincoln is correct we need to act now to create the future for our families that we want…but at the moment we can only dream of…

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

 

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter O.

Oil Spill…

We have all seen these over the years and the damage it does to the wildlife those poor animals which flash across our screens covered in thick black oil…These are the obvious spills the ones which make national and international headlines…HOWEVER, these account for only a small part of the total amount of pollution in our oceans…according to scientists many of the other sources such as automobile oil go largely unnoticed…

Here are three little-reported sources of oil that contribute to oil pollution in North American oceans.

  • Natural Seeps. …
  • Cars and Other Land Vehicles. …
  • Recreational Boats.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/140325-texas-pollution-oil-spills-animals-science

Organic Food…

I think we all have heard of Organic Food…Organic farming is widely considered to be a far more sustainable alternative when it comes to food production. The lack of pesticides and a wider variety of plants enhances biodiversity and results in better soil quality and reduced pollution from fertilizer or pesticide run-off…

Pesticides even those created from natural sources are often called organic products. But no matter whether they are created in a test tube or are derived from a plant, if they are labelled as killing a pest, they are a pesticide. That is the law. The bottom line is, organically produced fruits and vegetables may not be pesticide-free.

I personally use Neem oil as a pesticide which it is but it is an organic natural pesticide always check your organic food where it is grown if local I’m sure the farmer will tell you what method he uses whether it planting marigolds among some of his vegetables or an organic oil like Neem…Take nothing at face value ask the questions…

As Organic food is a big subject I will make it a topic of a single post in the future…

Ozone…

Ozone (O3) is a highly reactive gas composed of three oxygen atoms. It is both a natural and a man-made product that occurs in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. (the stratosphere) and lower atmosphere (the troposphere). Depending on where it is in the atmosphere, ozone affects life on Earth in either good or bad ways.

Ozone Layer…

If you watched the video you know what is happening and what happens if the hole DOES NOT CLOSE UP ….What can we do?

  1. Avoid the consumption of gases dangerous to the ozone layer, due to their content or manufacturing process. Some of the most dangerous gases are CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), halogenated hydrocarbon, methyl bromide and nitrous oxide…FOR EXAMPLE manufacturer of CFCs ceased in the United States as of December 31, 1995, because of their destructive effect on the ultraviolet radiation shield (ozone) of the atmosphere. HOWEVER these compounds are still available for sale, and some areas have stockpiled supplies. Fluorocarbons are still an issue although they have been banned in 197 countries around the world…
  2. Minimize the use of cars. The best transport option is by bicycle or walking. If you use a car to a destination, try to carpool with others to decrease the use of cars in order to pollute less and save…or when buying your next car choose electric.
  3. Do not use cleaning products that are harmful to the environment and to us. Many cleaning products contain solvents and substances corrosive, but you can replace these dangerous substances with non-toxic products such as vinegar or bicarbonate…I use both of these for cleaning and they work…it also saves plastic coming into your home and saves you money.
  4. Buy local products or grow your own where possible. In this way, you not only get fresh products but you avoid consuming food that has travelled long distances. As the more distance travelled, the more nitrous oxide is produced due to the medium used to transport that product.
  5. Maintain air conditioners, as their malfunctions cause CFC to escape into the atmosphere.

Over Utilisation…

Over-utilisation of natural resources such as water, land, forests, wildlife, minerals and energy lead to disasters in the environment. Causes of over-utilisation of resources. In the olden days, man used the resources in a controlled manner to satisfy his basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter.

Today   I see signs of it everywhere seas overfished, wild vegetables and mushrooms over picked…THE FIRST SIGN OF FOOD SHORTAGES (WE)  saw this quite graphically during the early days of covid…people just filling their trolleys to overflowing…Man’s greed for themselves is not something I like to see and certainly not something which makes me proud of the human race and what we have become.

I was reading something earlier today and it made me think of Sir David Attenborough and the Blue Planet films in fact it was the first thing I thought of…”throwing facts and information at people rarely changes minds”…how many of you on seeing these films made big changes to your lifestyle?…

It’s true as I was reading and mentioned it in a previous post that the percentage of people who changed their shopping habits and lifestyle after watching these films was in fact very low…

What does it take?… I was watching the news on the terrible devastation Hurricane Ida has and is still wreaking the lives and homes lost…One lady was being interviewed and asked why she didn’t evacuate to higher ground as was recommended…Her answer ” I didn’t think it would be this bad”….come on…it has been 16 years to the day when Hurricane Katrina wreaked havoc and cost lives …are memories that short…I would be out of there…The same goes for Climate Change people are complacent and when something really hits they will take notice…Let’s hope it isn’t too late…

That’s all for today…I hope you have a lovely day and my condolences go out to anyone affected by Hurricane Ida…Be safe.xx