Category Archives: Environmental Pollution

The Environmental A-Z…the letter E…

Welcome to my new series…still an A-Z but with a difference …it’s not food-related!

In the meantime, the idea for this series came about because yes as my regular followers and commenters know I am passionate about the health of the world I am living in… however often when I am researching and reading articles I come across terms and have to look them up which spawned the idea for this…two-fold… it increases my knowledge and I hope yours…

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter E.

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

Ecosystem:

A community of organisms that depend on each other and the environment they inhabit…However, there is far more to the ecosystem than I first realised…It is divided into 4 categories…those being artificial, terrestrial, lentic and lotic which are all part of the biomes which are climatic systems of organisms and life.

Inside of the biomes systems, there are living and non-living environmental factors known as biotic(organisms, animals and plants) and abiotic (water, light and gasses)

Now let’s look at the 4 categories:

Artificial…as in man-made sometimes they are introduced as a way of replenishing the environment they are also a vital learning tool…Erected in the form of biodomes they are closed, artificial ecosystems created for the study of biology and an excellent learning aid for environmentalists…The Eden Project is a great example of this…

There are also plans to build a Marine Environment-Eden Project North.

Terrestrial…are land systems forests, deserts, grassland, tundras and coastal regions. It is the biomes climate that determines whether or not more than one terrestrial system is present.

An example is tundras where fewer plants grow due to the lower temperatures however this also applies to deserts where the high temperatures inhibit plant growth.

Forests and grasslands are different and may have exceedingly more growth …the biome has the right amount of sunlight plus moisture which enables more species to grow and thrive.

Lentic…a class of aquatic ecosystems found on land, ponds, rivers, streams, lakes and swamps…most are still bodies of water which may contain both animals and micro-organisms this is where sunlight plays its part as photosynthesis comes into the equation. ..it is necessary for the survival and growth of algae and underwater plants.

Lotic…are moving bodies of water that flow into others and eventually into the sea…unlike lentic they do not rely on photosynthesis.

Ecotourism:

Small-scale tourism in fragile and protected areas that aims to have a low impact on the environment, benefit local communities and enable tourists to learn more about the natural and cultural history of the place.

Penguin Island

I think a great example of this was when we visited Australia as some of the places we visited were only open at certain times of the year to allow the animals to breed in peace…I thought it was a great idea also  NO food or drink can be purchased on the island… A picnic area is provided but has NO bins. Visitors are expected to take their rubbish away with them. Brilliant idea I think…

Another beautiful island is where no cars are allowed bikes only…as the welfare of the animals is paramount…Rottnest Island home of the Quokkas…

The friendliest and most trusting animal on earth…which is why they need protecting from the human race…sad isn’t it?

Effluent:

Liquid wastes such as sewage and liquid waste from industries and our homes…Liquid waste can be defined as liquids such as wastewater, fats, oils or grease (FOG), used oil, liquids, solids, gases, or sludges and hazardous household liquids.

These liquids are hazardous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. They can also be discarded commercial products classified as “Liquid Industrial Waste” such as cleaning fluids or pesticides, or the by-products of manufacturing processes.  There are general regulatory requirements relating to waste, additional regulations apply to generating, storing, transporting, treating and disposing of hazardous and liquid wastes.

Emissions Trading Allowance…

Permission to emit to the atmosphere, one tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent, during a specific trading period. The allowance is only valid for the purpose of the Directive and can only be transferred in accordance with the Directive.

Although I understand some of the changes HAPPENING AROUND THE WORLD and to an extent know what we can do to slow it down, however, I also know that the earth has gone through changes over the centuries so how much can we manipulate and stop what is happening and how much is just a fact of life ???

That’s all for today…I hope I have explained it in layman terms and made some things clearer as I believe we should all have a clearer picture in our minds as to what we can change and how…And also what affects our health and how…

See you in two weeks for the letter F…next Wednesday it will be Part 4 of the new A-Z on food and terms with the middle letter being E as in polEnta.

Thank you for reading it is a pleasure to see you here I hope you come again… Love Carol x+

The Environmental A-Z…the letter D

Welcome to my new series…still an A-Z but with a difference …it’s not food-related!

In the meantime, the idea for this series came about because yes as my regular followers and commenters know I am passionate about the health of the world I am living in… however often when I am researching and reading articles I come across terms and have to look them up which spawned the idea for this…two-fold… it increases my knowledge and I hope yours…

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change… letter D.

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

Deforestation:

The meaning:

Deforestation is the clearing of trees, transforming a wooded area into cleared land. … You can see the word forest in deforestation. The prefix de- means “remove” and the suffixation signals the act or state of. So deforestation is the act of removing a forest.

Deforestation refers to the decrease in forest areas across the world that are lost for other uses such as agricultural croplands, urbanization, or mining activities. Greatly accelerated by human activities since 1960, deforestation has been negatively affecting natural ecosystems, biodiversity, and the climate.

An Update:

There are areas like South East Asia where there is a downward trend BUT elsewhere and I do think the pandemic has been the cause for much to slip under the radar…The latest figures from Global Forest Watch are quite frankly alarming…

Primary forest loss was 12% higher in 2020 than the year before, and it was the second year in a row that primary forest loss worsened in the tropics.

I am getting to the stage now when I see that someone is promising to plant a tree for every bracelet or drink we buy…  I fear it is just publicity and hiding the bigger picture and that is what we should be focusing on…an example is mining in Venezuela…

The destruction can be seen from space. Satellite imagery of Las Claritas, a mining town in Bolívar state, shows tan scars sprawling out into the otherwise dense forest. Since 2016, Bolivar has lost 74,600 hectares of primary forest. Amazonas has lost 76,850 hectares, which is almost 1.5 times the amount of loss from the prior 15 years combined.

Dioxins:

Dioxins are a group of highly toxic chemical compounds that are harmful to health. They can cause problems with reproduction, development, and the immune system. They can also disrupt hormones and lead to cancer. Known as persistent environmental pollutants (POPs), dioxins can remain in the environment for many years.

The major identified sources of environmental releases of dioxin-like compounds are grouped into six broad categories: combustion sources, metals smelting, refining and process sources, chemical manufacturing sources, natural sources, and environmental reservoirs.

Dioxins are found throughout the world in the environment. The highest levels of these compounds are found in some soils, sediments and food, especially dairy products, meat, fish and shellfish. Very low levels are found in plants, water and air.

This is why we should be avoiding mass-produced processed foods and know where our meat, fish and shellfish come from and also know that it is not susceptible to secondary contamination…which is what happens when strict processing guidelines are not in place or practised…

I agree we should not have to police every aspect of our food sources but unfortunately, it has reached the point where we have to…Many known illnesses and conditions are a direct result of Dioxins…it is down to us to safeguard our families and our own health…

This is why I am a firm believer that we should not be fixated on calories we should instead fixate on chemicals in our foods…Cheap foods are off the menu or should be… there are ways and means of eating healthily without breaking our budgets…

Dumping:

Is a worldwide problem…if it is environmental dumping then we need to know our individual towns policies or nations policies…for town policies, we can address our local candidates and the same for National policies…we need to vote wisely…

On a personal level…cigarette butts, sweet/cigarette packaging, cotton buds…I can stand outside my local shop and in the space of a few minutes watch as someone walks out opening a packet and casually dropping it…they are waiting for someone and having a cigarette and then flicking it when finished…multiple that around the world we are just as liable of dumping…

cigarette butt

Environmental dumping is the practice of transfrontier shipment of waste (household waste, industrial/nuclear waste, etc.) from one country to another. … The economic benefit of this practice is cheap disposal or recycling of waste without the economic regulations of the original country.

Although I understand some of the changes and what we can do to slow it down however I also know that the earth has gone through changes over the centuries so how much can we manipulate and stop what is happening and how much is just a fact of life ???

That’s all for today…I hope I have explained it in layman terms and made some things clearer as I believe we should all have a clearer picture in our minds as to what we can change and how…

See you in two weeks for the letter E…next Wednesday it will be Part 3 of the new A-Z on food and terms with the middle letter being D as in hotDogs.

Thank you for reading and please leave a comment if you feel a need… I love to chat it makes my day…Love Carol x

 

CarolCooks2 weekly roundup…14th March-20th March 2021…#Recipes, Whimsy, Music and Lifestyle Changes

Recipes, Whimsy, Music and Lifestyle Changes…

Welcome to this week’s edition of my weekly roundup of posts…Especially for you just in case you missed a few posts during this last week…we are now well into March…yesterday was the first day of spring if you are in the Northern Hemisphere… lambs, snowdrops, daffodils all signs that spring is here please keep those images coming and the snow I have seen some pictures so those who are experiencing minus temps snuggle up and stay safe and warm…and for those who are experiencing high winds and lashing rain batten down the hatches and stay safe and warm…

Let’s go and see what goodies I had for you last week… snuggle up in your favourite corner with your favourite drink tea/coffee or hot chocolate although depending on where in the world you live it could be a glass of wine…Cheers!

Meatless Monday’s…#Brocolli Stems…

The best part I love them lightly steamed and as long as you trim of the woody outer then you will find the soft tender part of the stem inside…

Why Meatless Mondays?…a meatless any day you choose is fine it just makes more and more sense to cut down the meat we consume…

I have since discovered that you can also make Brocolli Rice has anyone tried that???

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/15/meatless-mondays-broccoli-stems-soup-anyone/

National Artichoke Day…

Among all the absolutely trivial days and there are some of them…a day like National Artichoke Day pops up and it serves as a reminder that Artichokes are indeed a lovely vegetable, low in fat, high in fibre with a nutty taste…beautiful to eat…it seems that many of you are in agreeance with that…Thank you for the hints and tips xx

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/16/national-artichoke-day/

Smorgasbord Food Column – Carol Taylor’s Green Kitchen – #Crumpets, #Baking Soda, #Minced Garlic and Egg Boxes uses. — Smorgasbord Blog Magazine…

Today I can be found over @Smorgasbord Blog Magazine in my Green Kitchen…Please come and join me…x

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/17/smorgasbord-food-column-carol-taylors-green-kitchen-crumpets-baking-soda-minced-garlic-and-egg-boxes-uses-smorgasbord-blog-magazine/

Time for my new series…

The Environmental A-Z… letter B.

Welcome to my new series…still an A-Z but with a difference …it’s not food-related!

In the meantime, the idea for this series came about because yes as my regular followers and commenters know I am passionate about the health of the world I am living in… however often when I am researching and reading articles I come across terms and have to look them up which spawned the idea for this…two-fold… it increases my knowledge and I hope yours…

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/17/the-environmental-a-z-the-letter-b/

Time to pop over to Sally’s for “Turn Back the Clock” this week it’s our brain …I want mine to stay the same and not degenerate into mush so I’m up for anything which helps as I am sure you are too…See you there x

 

 

https://smorgasbordinvitation.wordpress.com/2021/03/18/smorgasbord-health-column-turning-back-the-clock-2021-part-ten-anti-aging-keeping-the-brain-young-by-sally-cronin/

Now it’s time for week 5 in my kitchen where I am going to share with you my tried and weekly tested Indian Spice Mixes…

Roasted spices Indian cooking

spices for Indian Curry

I do not profess to be an expert in Indian cookery but I try to use authentic ingredients and as I live only 2 hrs and something flight time away I can source authentic ingredients…I make my own bread not all of it I plan to try making paratha soon …I make my own chutneys and we love them…The spices I make as I buy quite large packs of spice and I get a faster turnover plus no fillers and chemicals which makes me happy…

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/18/carolcooks2week-5in-my-kitchenmade-from-scratchindian-spice-mixes/

Fruity Friday’s…Thai Purple Melon…

I have now received my melon plant and it has been potted and we shall see how quickly it grows…it is smaller than I had hoped but it will grow …My very pretty looking Rainbow treasure chilli seeds are in the post and today I ordered 2 mini banana trees they only grow to about one and a half metres high which is good…

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/19/fruity-fridays-thai-purple-melon-peppin-pepinotree/

Saturday Snippets…

The heavens have just opened…a humdinger of a tropical storm…The thunder is loud no lightening yet…at least it will cool it down as its another hot one today…Blimey, that one made me jump…

https://carolcooks2.com/2021/03/20/saturday-snippets-20th-march-2021/

Well, that’s it for today…Thank you so much for dropping by…I hope you have enjoyed the read…if you have please head over and leave a comment it makes my day to hear from you …Love Carol xx

The environmental A-Z… the letter A…week 1

 

Welcome to my new series…still an A-Z but with a difference …it’s not food-related!

But don’t worry one of my regular readers( Chel) came up with an idea for me…all these good ideas to keep the grey matter active…Thanx Chel x

In the meantime, the idea for this series came about because yes as my regular followers and commenters know I am passionate about the health of the world I am living in… however often when I am researching and reading articles I come across terms and have to look them up which spawned the idea for this…two-fold… it increases my knowledge and I hope yours…

Not wanting to bore you I decided to run with Chels idea on the opposite weeks to my new idea…Chels idea for me was to go through the alphabet (as) is getting a norm for me but with the said letter (A) for this illustration as the middle letter…e.g. wrAps which of course need no explanation I mean who doesn’t love a spicy chicken wrap?

The A-Z of the environment and Climate Change…

The best way to predict your future is to create it...Abraham Lincoln.

Air Pollution…

Air is composed of a number of gases, mostly oxygen and nitrogen with smaller amounts of water vapour, carbon dioxide, argon and other trace gases.

The open burning of waste from individual residences, businesses and dumpsites are a large source of air pollutants. Globally the emissions from CO2 from open waste burning are relatively small compared to total anthropogenic CO2.

Anthropogenic carbon emissions are the emissions of various forms of carbon – the most concerning being carbon dioxide – associated with human activities. These activities include the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, land-use changes, livestock, fertilization, etc., that result in a net increase in emissions.

Regional CO2 emissions from developing country’s in Asia and Africa are a concern …it is often highlighted here as although it is illegal… farmers and individuals carry on burning the sugar cane fields.   

We humans however can breathe easy. The average human exhales about 2.3 pounds of carbon dioxide on an average day. (The exact quantity depends on your activity level—a person engaged in vigorous exercise produces up to eight times as much CO2. as his sedentary peers.

Conclusion: Air Pollution leads to Air Quality which is a measure of the level of pollution in the air.

An air quality index is used by government agencies to communicate to the public how polluted the air currently is or how polluted it is forecast to become. Public health risks increase as the AQI rises. Different countries have their own air quality indices, corresponding to different national air quality standards. Wikipedia

Algae Blooms…

No, they are not beds of pretty flowers…

They are…Sudden spurts of algal growth, which can affect water quality adversely and indicate potentially hazardous changes in local water chemistry.

As algae blooms grow, they deplete the oxygen in the water and block sunlight from reaching fish and plants. … And when the algae eventually die off, the microbes which decompose the dead algae use up even more oxygen, which in turn causes more fish to die or leave the area.

What can we do at home? 

  1. Recycling items — and properly disposing of items that cannot be recycled — keeps them from making their way to rivers and oceans. Even cigarette butts have a dramatic environmental effect when people drop them on the ground at a beach or riverside area.
  2. Eliminating or minimizing your use of harsh chemicals provides the surest way to protect global waters from chemicals. When chemicals leach into a body of water, they can devastate ecosystems. Nitrogen and phosphorus, commonly used in fertilizers, lead to a surge in algae growth when they enter a water body, killing off existing aquatic life, for example.
  3. Proper disposal of hazardous materials such as paints, motor oil and pharmaceuticals keeps them out of the water supply. Inquire with your municipal centre about chemical pickup or drop-off locations in your area.
  4. Water that runs down streets after rainfall, or after you wash your car with a hose, carries toxins from streets and yards that eventually may reach waterways. Sweep rather than hose down your driveway if you need to get rid of debris. When washing your car, use a bucket instead of a hose. Having porous outdoor surfaces like gravel, as well as gardens, also minimizes runoff.
  5. Get involved with local initiatives to plan responsible water use systems and ensure that healthy waters become a component of any development initiative. Attend city council and town hall meetings regularly to contribute your input, or even run for a position on the city council or your county board of supervisors. Even if you’re not an expert on water use, you can put the issue on the agenda, bring in expert consultants and educate yourself and the public. By exercising a direct impact on local planning, you’ll also be protecting waters at the global level.

Personally, I think each one of us needs to start taking responsibility for the world we live in…the time has come for individuals to feature in a look at their own home and surrounding areas and take responsibility…Make a difference!

Alternative Energy Sources…

Is the energy that does not come from fossil fuels (such as coal, oil, gas), BUT from wind, flowing water, solar energy and biomass.

Wind and flowing water are simpler to understand… the wind is another source of solar energy…Winds are caused by the heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the rotation of the Earth, and the Earth’s surface irregularities. For as long as the sun shines and the wind blows, the energy produced can be harnessed to send power across the grid.

Flowing water…Hydropower uses a fuel—water—that is not reduced or used up in the process. Because the water cycle is an endless, constantly recharging system, hydropower is considered renewable energy. When flowing water is captured and turned into electricity, it is called hydroelectric power or hydropower.

Solar energy is the transformation of heat, the energy that comes from the sun. It has been used for thousands of years in many different ways by people all over the world. The oldest uses of solar energy are for heating, cooking, and drying.

Biomass is the fuel developed from organic matter waste of living organisms like plant waste, animal waste, forest waste, and municipal wastes. In biological terms, the word biomass refers to organic plant matter, which is converted into fuel and used as an energy source.

That’s all for today…I hope I have explained it in layman terms and made some things clearer as I believe we should all have a clearer picture in our minds as to what we can change and how…

See you in two weeks for the letter B…next Wednesday it will be Part 1 of the new A-Z on food and terms with the middle letter being A as in toAst.

Thank you for reading and please leave a comment if you feel a need… I love to chat it makes my day…Love Carol x