Category Archives: Palm Oil

This week in my kitchen…Store Cupboard Basics…Part 6…Cooking Oils…

Essential for both cooking and adding flavour to dishes, there many different types of oil. When it comes to cooking oils some are more controversial than others for both health reasons and environmental concerns…

I tend to use a variety of oils depending on what I am cooking or flavouring…I  also believe that oil is an essential cooking basic but as with everything moderation should be applied…

If all you eat are deep fried foods then of course it will affect your health…

Corn Oil… Corn oil is oil extracted from the germ of corn. Its main use is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes refined corn oil a valuable frying oil. It is also a key ingredient in some margarines. Corn oil is generally less expensive than most other types of vegetable oils

Palm Oil… One of the most controversial of the options…for both health and environmental reasons. Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil that comes from the fruit grown on the African oil palm tree.

The trees, which were previously found only in Africa, are now grown in Asia, North America and South America – coinciding with the increasing demand for the versatile oil.

Groundnut (peanut) oil…A virtually flavourless oil which is used for frying, baking and making dressing such as mayonnaise.

olive oil

Olive Oil… One of my preferred choices of oil …Olives are a fruit that I never liked as a child but acquired the taste for as I grew older…Olive oil is a beautiful thing and when I am not using coconut oil for cooking I use olive oil it is also most suited to Mediterranean type recipes as well…

But be careful when you buy it as is the case with everything now some oils are a blend of many oils or so highly processed and are not classed as proper Olive oil….There are so many different dishes which are all better for the addition of olive oil. Health wise it is classed as a super food as it is so beneficial to our health.

Two of my favourite ways of using olive oil are with balsamic vinegar and beautiful home-baked bread or cooked with chorizo…a lovely tapas…

 

Chorizo cooked with garlic and dried chillies in olive oil makes a lovely little snack or tapas with some lovely bread to mop up the juices. Just take some sliced chorizo and cook it in Olive oil until it is browned and the lovely orange colour from the chorizo leaks into the olive oil….Just beautiful and so easy to make at home.

Vegetable oil… a blend of oils which usually includes corn and other vegetables is cheap, flavourless and useful for most types of cooking.

Coconut oil…There are varying views and there have been some controversial headlines over the last few years…Coconut oil is “pure poison,” says Harvard professor… Good fats come mainly from vegetables, nuts, seeds, and fish. Healthy fats are liquid at room temperature, not solid…..

The plot thickens my coconut oil is liquid? I know coconuts are high in saturated fats but…MODERATION… My health has improved since I have incorporated coconut oil etc in my diet although depending on what I am making I may use olive oil or another healthy oil again it is about balance and moderation…

Some research states that the saturated fat from the coconut may react differently to other saturated fats in our bodies…..Why? Because most of the saturated fats in coconut are medium chain fatty acids whose properties and metabolism are different from those of animal origin. Medium chain fatty acids do not undergo degradation and re-esterification processes and are directly used in the body to produce energy. They are not as ‘bad for health’ as other saturated fats.

Also if you would like to make a lovely gift for that special someone then this makes a beautiful gift …How to make your own coconut oil…The traditional Thai way…

Ghee… Is also one of my kitchen staples…

Ghee is a type of clarified butter that contains fewer dairy proteins than regular butter. This ingredient can be used in place of regular butter.

Ghee can be used as a substitute for butter, and many people think that ghee might be a more healthful alternative for using in cooking.

Ghee

It has been used in Indian and Pakistani cultures for thousands of years. The term comes from the Sanskrit word meaning “sprinkled.” Ghee was created to prevent butter from spoiling during warm weather.

 

Flavoured oils…

Herb infused oils…There are many different herb-infused oils they are also so easy to make at home. Just half fill a clean sterilised jar with washed and dried herbs such as rosemary or basil. Pour over olive oil to cover and seal the jar. Place it in a cool, dark place for 3 days. Strain the oil into a clean sterilised bottle or jar and discard the herbs.

If you like you can add a piece of freshly washed and dried herb which looks pretty and makes a lovely gift.

Chilli oil…Add several dried chillies to a bottle of olive oil and leave to infuse for about two weeks before using. If the flavour is not to your taste then leave for another week…it all depends on taste and the chillies. The chillies can also be left in the bottle and again look very nice and make a lovely gift with a handwritten label.

Garlic oil…Add several whole garlic cloves to a bottle of olive oil and leave to infuse for about two weeks if preferred you can strain into a clean bottle and store in a cool, dark place.

I have only given you a brief overview of these oils and advise that you do your own research and don’t listen to scaremongering but also remember it is moderation and any foods or drinks which are consumed excessively will have an effect on your health and well being…

I hope you are finding these posts on store cupboard basics helpful…It does take time (and) money to build up a store cupboard which is why I am breaking it down into easy stages…Just for those of you who are not sure just where to start…

Whether you call it a cupboard or a pantry a savvy cook knows it helps them create delicious, economical dishes without using expensive ingredients or having to pop out and hope no one sees us without our slap…Picture the scene… we are halfway through making a new recipe…We can taste it…Then up pops the ingredient we thought we had in the cupboard or we missed that bit of the recipe…The shop is shut…It is raining…We are in our house clothes…Don’t they always though…haha

Until next week when in-store cupboard basics will be vinegar, sauces and condiments…xxx

Thank you once again for reading this post I hope you all have a relaxing weekend xx

 

 

Deforestation…and our Carbon Footprint.

Carbon Footprints

It was the plight of the Orangutan which first caught my eye and prompted me to write the first two posts…

Some schools of thought are that it is a massive marketing ploy by Iceland and maybe it was…It did, however, highlight the plight of the Orangutan.

It also highlighted once again the Palm Oil saga…

Sustainable Palm Oil is the best way to go as producing sustainable palm saves and or creates jobs for locals…

But and it is a big but…Deforestation is not only caused by the production of Palm oil it is a far bigger picture…Now I am not an expert I am learning more about the subject every day and from each article I research…There is so much more…

5 major causes of deforestation are:

Agricultural Expansion…The conversion of forests into agricultural plantations is a major cause of deforestation. Farmers cut forests to provide more room for planting crops or grazing livestock.

control-burning-53614_640

Often, small farmers will clear a few acres by cutting down trees and burning them in a process known as slash and burn agriculture. How could any animal survive that and more to the point where does it drive them to go?

Livestock Ranching …The increase in demand for meat is causing major problems in the Brazilian Amazon early 80 per cent of deforestation results from cattle ranching. Because cattle have heavy, flat hooves that flatten the soil and reduce its ability to absorb water and nutrients we get soil erosion. Drylands are especially at risk for overgrazing and reduction in the quality of the soil.

Logging…Logging operations, which provide the world’s wood and paper products, also cut countless trees each year. Loggers, some of them acting illegally, also build roads to access more and more remote forests—which leads to further deforestation.

deforestation-2833700_640

Paper can be made from products without using trees…

One acre of kenaf, a plant related to cotton, produces as much fibre in one year as an acre of yellow pine does in twenty years. Paper can also be made of a material such as hemp… The pulp made from non-resources is also less expensive than paper made from trees.

Some other sources of products which can be used to make paper are agricultural residues (e.g. sugarcane bagasse, husks and straw), fibre crops and wild plants, such as bamboo, kenaf, hemp, jute, and flax plus textiles and cordage wastes.

Making paper from non-tree sources is currently being done in at least 45 countries in more than 300 mills. Non-tree based papers require less bleaching and less energy to produce.

Infrastructure Expansion…Forests are also cut as a result of growing urban sprawl as land is developed for dwellings. Removing trees deprives the forest of portions of its canopy, which blocks the sun’s rays during the day, and holds in heat at night. This disruption leads to more extreme temperature swings that can be harmful to plants and animals.

Overpopulation… Ties in with Infrastructure expansion and more thought should be given when initial plans are made…Any cutting that does occur should be balanced by planting young trees to replace older trees felled. The number of new tree plantations is growing each year, but their total still equals a tiny fraction of the Earth’s forested land.

If deforestation carries on at its current rate The world’s rainforests could completely vanish in a hundred years at the current rate of deforestation. It will have the most dramatic impact on millions of species who will lose their natural habitat.

There will then be the impact on climate change as those moist forest floors will dry out without the protection of the trees…Trees are also part of the water cycle as they return water vapour to the earth’s atmosphere we will be left with barren deserts.

Without the protection of the trees, extreme temperature swings will be harmful to plants and animals.

What can we do?

I think we really need to be more proactive in most aspects of our lives we should be buying local and growing what we can ourselves even if you only have a window box…Communal gardens in inner cities are on the rise or rooftop gardens and they have become very popular.

Have at least one meat-free day a week and yes I know you carnivores love your meat…I have two here and the look of shock and horror on their faces is priceless…But there are some very tasty meat-free options for meals now…A nice vegetarian chilli or spag bol, A vegetable curry or a frittata with a jacket potato and a salad. Once a week would that really hurt??

Some argue that veganism is the only sane way forward. A study last year showed, for example, that if all Americans substituted beans for beef, the country would be close to meeting the greenhouse gas goals agreed by Barack Obama.

But there are some alternatives.

Reducing the amount of meat you eat while improving its quality is advocated by many environmental groups. But where do you find this meat? The organic movement was founded on the pioneering work of Sir Alfred Howard. It is still relatively small – in Europe non-resources 5.7% of agricultural land is managed organically – but influential. There are other agricultural models, such as biodynamic farming and permaculture. More recently some innovators have been fusing technology with environmental principles in the form of agroforestry, silvopasture, conservation farming, or regenerative agriculture to create farming methods which all encompass carbon sequestration, high biodiversity and good animal welfare. A recent study showed that managed grazing (a technique which involves moving cows around to graze) is an effective way to sequester carbon. However, while organic and biodynamic meats have labels, regenerative farming, as yet, does not – so you need to investigate your farmer yourself.

If you want to know the true cost of eating meat …

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/may/07/true-cost-of-eating-meat-environment-health-animal-welfare

Shop locally ...Check where the foods you buy come from and see if you can source them locally so you can reduce your carbon footprint. Lentil, fruit, potatoes and rice are among the lowest in the carbon footprint table to see how your favourite food effects the   Carbon footprint then see attached link.

http://www.greeneatz.com/foods-carbon-footprint.html

Foot prints-990332_640

Don’t drive short distances...Walk…I do and I feel much better…

Line dry your clothes…Weather permitting…

Unplug any devices you are not using…all electronics suck energy when they’re plugged in, EVEN IF they’re powered down. In the U.S. alone, “vampire power” is responsible for draining up to $19 billion in energy every year. Anytime a cord is plugged into a socket, it’s drawing energy – so although your device isn’t charging, you’re still contributing to your carbon footprint. Simple solution? Leave your electronics unplugged at all times, unless you’re actually using them.

Don’t buy ” Fast Fashion”…Try alternatives like re-purposing old clothing, choosing locally handmade garments, buying vintage, or participating in clothing swaps with family and friends.

I do that here and it is a practice that is common here, Thais are very good at recycling clothes …I myself put out a call to friends and family who come on holiday and I get them to leave what they will not wear again as generally what happens is when next year arrives fashion has changed and they will probably just buy more. The only things I buy new is flip-flops and undercrackers…

Fast Fashion is cheap...How is it so cheap?… Cheap labour…Children should be at school and not working in a sweatshop…Often the cotton used is genetically modified cotton sprayed with lots of pesticides (including known carcinogens). This can be damaging to neighbouring non-GMO crops, cause water contamination, reduce biodiversity, and have negative impacts on human health.

Don’t forget that anything made overseas has a huge environmental impact – from the physical act of shipping a product across the ocean to the chemical runoff from garment factories (leather tanneries are particularly bad).

Which brings me back to the fact we should be buying locally it supports local businesses and if we all did so we would reduce our carbon footprint…

What do you do to reduce yours ??

Thank you so much for reading this xx

About Carol Taylor:

Enjoying life in The Land Of Smiles I am having so much fun researching, finding new, authentic recipes both Thai and International to share with you. New recipes gleaned from those who I have met on my travels or are just passing through and stopped for a while. I hope you enjoy them.

I love shopping at the local markets, finding fresh, natural ingredients, new strange fruits and vegetable ones I have never seen or cooked with. I am generally the only European person and attract much attention and I love to try what I am offered and when I smile and say Aroy or Saab as it is here in the north I am met with much smiling.

Some of my recipes may not be in line with traditional ingredients and methods of cooking but are recipes I know and have become to love and maybe if you dare to try you will too. You will always get more than just a recipe from me as I love to research and find out what other properties the ingredients I use contain to improve our health and wellbeing.

Exciting for me hence the title of my blog, Retired No One Told Me! I am having a wonderful ride and don’t want to get off, so if you wish to follow me on my adventures, then welcome! I hope you enjoy the ride also and if it encourages you to take a step into the unknown or untried, you know you want to…….Then, I will be happy!

Carol is a contributor to the Phuket Island Writers Anthology: https://www.amazon.com/Phuket-Island-Writers-Anthology-Stories-ebook/dp/B00RU5IYNS

Connect to Carol

Blog: https://blondieaka.wordpress.com/
Twitterhttps://twitter.com/TheRealCarolT
Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/carol.taylor.1422

Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/caroltaylor56/pins/

Thank you once again for reading this post I hope you all have a great week xx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Palm Oil…Part Two…Indigenous Tribes, Orangutans and the Ozone Layer

Ozone layer Orangutan Indigenous Tribes

Palm Oil

As a fresh food, Palm Oil can benefit your health like helping reduce blood pressure and lower the risk of arterial thrombosis. Unfortunately, much of the commonly used palm oil is in an oxidized form— that is to say, processed.

Once the oil is oxidized, it poses health dangers such as reproductive toxicity and organ toxicity, impacting organs such as the kidneys and lungs.

One of the tropical oils (along with coconut oil and palm kernel oil), it’s made from the fruit of oil palm trees.

Cheap to produce it produces up to nine times more oil per hectare than its closest counterpart, when it was announced that all trans fats must be declared on food packaging many food manufacturers ditched trans fats and looked to trans fat-free palm oil instead.

At what cost though?… I have read the arguments put forth by none other than the WWF about job losses and how it could affect whole villages however what about the habitat of the wildlife, the rainforests which are razed to the ground and the indigenous tribes who lose their homes. I know they are pressing for sustainable Palm Oil production but is that happening fast enough? In the meantime, many manufacturers and governments are razing the rainforest and the fires are having a negative effect on the environment…

It was only in June this year that fires were reported in Jakarta and although the government has banned this practice it still goes on…A combination of what is believed to be the result of the hot season and widespread open burning for agricultural purposes was the cause…Thousands of hectares of land are being burnt for Palm Oil Plantations Now I don’t know if this is to do with the sustainable palm oil or just Palm Oil BUT killing forests and peat land it is just awful…

How can we avoid products containing Palm Oil ?…

As a label reader, the answer to that is it is quite difficult as Palm Oil is marketed under many different names…

Vegetable Oil, Vegetable Fat, Palm Kernel, Palm Kernel Oil, Palm Fruit Oil, Palmate, Palmitate, Palmolein, Glyceryl, Stearate, Stearic Acid, Elaeis Guineensis, Palmitic Acid, Palm Stearine, Palmitoyl Oxostearamide, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-3, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Kernelate, Sodium Palm Kernelate, Sodium Lauryl Lactylate/Sulphate, Hydrated Palm Glycerides, Etyl Palmitate, Octyl Palmitate, Palmityl Alcohol.

Who is going to remember all of those?

I think the easy way is to look for these two images on a bottle or package…If the bottle or package doesn’t display these symbols put them back…

Even if you don’t cook with palm oil you almost certainly will eat or use it …Palm Oil is in about 50% of all packaged products sold in supermarkets… Such as Pizza, Biscuits, Baby Food, Margarine, lipstick, cleaning products to name a few…

This link will inform you of what everyday products Palm Oil is in and why…

https://www.worldwildlife.org/pages/which-everyday-products-contain-palm-oil

This link has a cruelty Free shopping guide PLUS a pro forma of a letter you could use to contact YOUR local supermarket or store. I do hope that you will contact your local store or their head office if we all did that it would them know we are serious and if that doesn’t elicit a response then don’t buy their products…Hit them where it hurts …In their pockets.

http://www.bunnyarmy.org/articles/list-palm-oil-unsustainable-companies.html

Companies who do comply …are ones which I will do my very best to ensure that I buy their products are in the link below… However many companies still use Palm Oil in certain products so please don’t be fooled make sure you check the labels… I know it is time-consuming particularly if we are busy but I am making my own list slowly and if I am not sure I check it out when I get home and then know for next time…

https://www.ethicalconsumer.org/palm-oil-free-list

The top three UK companies are

  • Waitrose
  • Marks and Spencer
  • Sainsbury’s

Iceland has stated, “By the end of 2018, 100% of our own brand food will contain no palm oil. We are the first UK supermarket to commit to removing palm oil from all own brand food.” When the ethical consumer is sure that this commitment has been implemented they will update Iceland’s rating.

Let’s hope that running their ad was not just hype although Richard Walker, Iceland Managing Director said:

“Our stranded, distressed orangutan is a stark and potent symbol of the effects of deforestation for palm oil. We always try to give people a real choice about what they buy and this was a key driver of our decision to allow Iceland customers to join us in an orangutan friendly Christmas. I am immensely proud of the work our food development team has carried out to create this new Christmas range without palm oil – a celebration of our commitment to end its use before the year closes.”

Have you seen Rang- Tan in London?

I hope many of you will now do your best to avoid Palm Oil as it is such a threat to wildlife, indigenous tribes and the environment we must or we will have nothing for the future generations so much will be lost forever…

I applaud those companies who are taking steps and hope we can speak as consumers and parents and ensure we only buy products that we know are made using either an alternative to Palm Oil or using sustainable Palm Oil although I and it seems many have doubts about how sustainable it is…More work needed in that area methinks…

Thank you so much for reading this post …xxx

About Carol Taylor.

Enjoying life in The Land Of Smiles I am having so much fun researching, finding new, authentic recipes both Thai and International to share with you. New recipes gleaned from those who I have met on my travels or are just passing through and stopped for a while. I hope you enjoy them.

I love shopping at the local markets, finding fresh, natural ingredients, new strange fruits and vegetable ones I have never seen or cooked with. I am generally the only European person and attract much attention and I love to try what I am offered and when I smile and say Aroy or Saab as it is here in the north I am met with much smiling.

Some of my recipes may not be in line with traditional ingredients and methods of cooking but are recipes I know and have become to love and maybe if you dare to try you will too. You will always get more than just a recipe from me as I love to research and find out what other properties the ingredients I use contain to improve our health and wellbeing.

Exciting for me hence the title of my blog, Retired No One Told Me! I am having a wonderful ride and don’t want to get off, so if you wish to follow me on my adventures, then you will be made welcome! I hope you enjoy the ride and if it encourages you to take a step into the unknown or untried, you know you want to…….Then, I will be happy!

Carol is a contributor to the Phuket Island Writers Anthology: https://www.amazon.com/Phuket-Island-Writers-Anthology-Stories-ebook/dp/B00RU5IYNS

Connect to Carol

Blog: https://blondieaka.wordpress.com/
Twitterhttps://twitter.com/TheRealCarolT
Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/carol.taylor.1422

Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/caroltaylor56/pins/

Thank you once again for reading this post I hope you all have a great week xx

The Orangutan and Palm Oil (1)

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The Orangutan versus Palm Oil…Part One!

Orangutan Palm Oil

Good morning, I hope you are all well and happy… Have you got your Christmas decorations up yet? I know many people start really early and don’t all those displays look beautiful when they are all lit up at night?

How has your day gone? Or maybe it is still morning or the night before for you given all the differences in the time zones… It is morning here and many ( they wake up) early here…have had their morning shower…which is a tad cold at this time of year we don’t have a power shower and to many people here, a shower is a bucket of water…

Get to the point, Carol…I hear you…Lol…Just humor me…Please xxx

Perhaps you woke up this morning, had a shower, shampooed your hair, brushed your teeth, and had a slice of toast with margarine for breakfast because you are trying to avoid the dairy industry?

Off to work…and your friend gave you a cookie/biscuit with the cuppa she made you and it is such a busy day today those phones did not stop ringing so you both agree on Pizza for lunch… Before you went home you remembered it was your turn to wash the coffee cups using the one washing up liquid your mum always used…Fairy Liquid…Ahhhhh

But what is behind or on the label?

https://theecologist.org/2009/feb/05/behind-label-fairy-liquid

Home at last and a quick sluice to freshen up with your favourite wet wipes and on goes a load of washing…Phew, a woman’s work is never done…

Dinner over now time to put up your feet…grab a bowl popcorn time for some Netflix.

lady eating popcorn-3281583_640

Convenient and delicious, but do not buy microwave popcorn as it most always contains palm oil.

 

You watch the news ..Iceland has had its Christmas Advert banned…

Some questions for you?

  1. Do you know how much Palm Oil you have consumed today?
  2. How would you feel if suddenly your home was demolished with you in it?
  3. Would the Iceland Christmas advert upset or offend you?

baby-orangutan-1056338_640

Look at that cute little face... Orangutans are one of the most intelligent primates…The females are wonderful caring mothers and there is plenty of evidence to show that orangutans take part in social learning practices with their young. They are one of the few animals that are known to do this. For example, a mother may teach her young how to make a tool to scratch its back with or how to use rocks to open up foods.

But the latest figures showing a massive decline in their population is alarming, to say the least…

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/feb/15/dramatic-decline-in-borneos-orangutan-population-as-150000-lost-in-16-years

I think the time has come for us/me and I am aware but hands up I didn’t know how many products Palm oil was in…Did you?

I do now and I feel ashamed, I feel I should be doing more and not buying those products which contain palm oil and to search for companies like Iceland who have pledged to have no products containing Palm Oil for sale in their stores by the end of 2018.

What is Palm oil?

Palm oil is used as a cooking oil and in packed food products, confectionery, soups, crackers, and margarine. It can also be used for non-consumptive purposes, such as in soaps and detergents. Naturally, one of palm oil’s biggest assets is its many potential utilities. After soybean oil, it is the most used edible oil on earth.

As a fresh food, it contains health benefits like reduction of blood pressure and the risk of arterial thrombosis. Unfortunately, much of the commonly used palm oil is in an oxidized form— that is to say, processed

Once the oil is oxidized, it poses health dangers such as reproductive toxicity and organ toxicity, impacting organs such as the kidneys and lungs.

There are companies who use sustainable sources in the production of Palm Oil and if we are using oil in the home there are many products which use sustainable palm oil or a substitute like Coconut oil.

Google is a wonderful tool and we should all be using it more or subscribing to organizations which can be helpful in helping us make decisions …We should also not be so blindly accepting of manufacturers or TV advertising…Many products have few regulations and they are a manufacturers dream because they can outright LIE to the consumer and do…

Just an example…If a product states Pasture raised or free range there is no labeling standard…Labels should say Humanely Certified or have an equivalent regulated label…We need to know our labels and make a concerted effort or risk losing more than we gain …

It isn’t just the animal population it is indigenous people and our own health… I wonder how many of you will watch this video and leave me a comment?

If you are still here with me and reading then Thank you…I know I rant but we live in a beautiful world and let’s all make our New Year Resolution count this year…

About Carol Taylor.

Enjoying life in The Land Of Smiles I am having so much fun researching, finding new, authentic recipes both Thai and International to share with you. New recipes gleaned from those who I have met on my travels or are just passing through and stopped for a while. I hope you enjoy them.

I love shopping at the local markets, finding fresh, natural ingredients, new strange fruits and vegetable ones I have never seen or cooked with. I am generally the only European person and attract much attention and I love to try what I am offered and when I smile and say Aroy or Saab as it is here in the north I am met with much smiling.

Some of my recipes may not be in line with traditional ingredients and methods of cooking but are recipes I know and have become to love and maybe if you dare to try you will too. You will always get more than just a recipe from me as I love to research and find out what other properties the ingredients I use contain to improve our health and wellbeing.

Exciting for me hence the title of my blog, Retired No One Told Me! I am having a wonderful ride and don’t want to get off, so if you wish to follow me on my adventures, then you will be made welcome! I hope you enjoy the ride and if it encourages you to take a step into the unknown or untried, you know you want to…….Then, I will be happy!

Carol is a contributor to the Phuket Island Writers Anthology: https://www.amazon.com/Phuket-Island-Writers-Anthology-Stories-ebook/dp/B00RU5IYNS

Connect to Carol

Blog: https://blondieaka.wordpress.com/
Twitterhttps://twitter.com/TheRealCarolT
Facebookhttps://www.facebook.com/carol.taylor.1422

Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/caroltaylor56/pins/

Thank you once again for reading this post I hope you all have a great week xx

Part Two on Palm Oil and which products contain Palm Oil and which don’t or it is sustainably produced will be published next Monday…x

 

The Orangutan and Palm Oil (1)

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