Good morning after a week of rain it is now steaming hot…the upside of a tropical climate is everything is lush and green…
Last week I introduced you to a very local Thia potato this week it is one which is more widely grown and well known…Thai potatoes which in Thai are called Man sam Palang but are also known as Cassava, Yuca or Tapioca root. It is widely grown throughout the east and north-east Thailand as cattle food and also for starch and Tapioca flour.
It is a very drought resistant vegetable and there are two main sorts sweet or bitter with a hard brown outer shell and yellow or white flesh. It is the bitter one which contains more of the chemical bound cyanide.The smaller sweet rooted varieties which are used for desserts here in Thailand like the famous Khanom man sam palang where cooking is deemed to be enough to break down the cyanide.
There are a lot of warnings about eating raw roots and how they should be prepared carefully before eating as it can cause death.
Modern thinking is that it is not as dangerous as it was originally thought to be however it is always wise to err on the side of caution.
This root should NOT be eaten raw.
Cooking is said to cause the cells to break down and the cyanide to be broken down which renders it safe to eat.
Thailand is the world’s largest importer of dried Cassava.
Down here on the farm it is grown for animal feed and to make flour. The potato is harvested when it is around 3-4months and the roots 30-45cm, harvested by hand although now some farmers use mechanical means generally the lower part of the stem is raised and the roots pulled from the ground.
It is then cut into approx 15cm pieces and sun-dried for 2 days. As cattle feed, it is high in proteins and contains tannins and is valued as a good source of roughage for cattle food.
The cassava root which is going to be used for next season’s crop is soaked and treated for termites before planting prior to the next wet season.
The remainder of the outer shell from which the flesh is extracted is sometimes used for wood or just burnt as it has no further use. The picture below is the empty root with the flesh extracted.
Other uses for the root are:
- To make starch for clothing.
- To make tapioca, the tapioca beads are balls of Cassava. When fermented it is called garri.
- Crackers for frying as in a previous post can be made from tapioca flour. Thai pancakes
- It is used in the making of MSG ..Monosodium glutamate.
- Boiled as a vegetable it is similar to British potatoes.
Now for a recipe:
Khanom man sam palang is a cross between a cake and a dessert and is very popular here in Thailand. It is thick, hearty, smooth and sticky. A steamed tapioca cake.
- 2 cups of grated Cassava
- 6 tbsp of tapioca flour
- 1 tbsp of mung bean starch
- 1/2 cup of sugar
- 1/2 cup of coconut milk
- 1 cup of shredded coconut.
- Food colouring
Put all ingredients except salt and shredded coconut in a bowl. Mix well for 5 minutes get your hands in there and work it until the sugar has dissolved.
Add the colour and mix well to combine. Add 1/2 cup of the shredded coconut and salt and mix together. Set to one side.
Put small cups into a steamer and pour some mixture into each cup. Steam for 15 minutes then either stir in the remainder of the shredded coconut or spread over the top of the cake before serving. If you spread it over the top of the cake then it is lovely toasted before spreading it over the cake.
It was also time to plant some more banana trees as the land has been built up and there are lots of bananas for frying and making Somtam…A Thai salad where banana is used instead of green papaya. These ones are for eating and the trees don’t grow as tall as the other banana trees the bananas are lovely eating ones and a nice sized banana.
Everything in the garden is coming up roses as the saying goes it looks like we will have fruit and vegetables galore.
Some of the fruit and vegetables I am familiar with as you can get them almost everywhere.
Others are very new to me and I am having to do a little research as sometimes there isn’t an English pronunciation for the Thai word.
This one looks quite creepy I was quite expecting to see a snake so I was going along quite gingerly watching where I trod.
Then it was back to the drawing board to find out a little more about this creepy looking gourd…
I was then on the hunt for some baby ones as those big boys are not for cooking…This is what I discovered…A recipe for…
Snake Gourd Riata.
- 2 cups of natural yoghurt.
- 2 small snake gourds diced.
The snake gourd has a naturally occurring waxy white surface so rub some salt on the surface before cooking or using to remove.
- 4-5 green chillies
- 2tbsp grated fresh coconut
- 10-15 shallots finely chopped.
- 1 tsp mustard seeds
- 2 tsp urad dal powder/paste
- A handful of coriander leaves chopped
- Salt to taste
- Oil as required.
Heat some oil on a medium flame and fry the mustard seeds and urad dal for 20 seconds.
Add green chillies and chopped shallots saute for 2 minutes, add diced snake gourd cook 1-2 minutes and add grated coconut and mix well.
Remove from the heat allow to cool slightly, stir in yoghurt and add salt to taste.
Garnish with coriander and serve.
Here are some more facts about the fascinating Snake gourd.
The snake gourd or Buap nguu, serpent gourd, chichinga or Padwal are some of the other names it is known under.
Native to south-east Asia it is a vine which grows around a tree or trellis and then unfurls its large white frayed flowers. Then fruits which grow straight down towards the ground.
It can grow up to 5 feet in length sometimes a stone is tied to the small gourd to help it grow straight down as it can grow into all sorts of shapes.
Also because of its length, it is used to make the traditional didgeridoo in Australia.
It turns orange when it is fully ripe but this is when it is very bitter so it is usually used in curries and raitas before it ripens fully. When ripened the flesh is sometimes used as a replacement for tomatoes.
The leaves, tendrils and other leafy parts are used as vegetable greens lightly steamed or raw.
It’s strange names and appearance have often caused it to be overlooked for its health benefits. It is proven to be very effective at improving the strength of the body’s immune system, reducing fevers and treating diabetes. Currently there much medical research into other health benefits of the Snake Gourd.
There are so many fruits and vegetables with health benefits which to me is quite amazing…I personally think it should be on the school curriculums and children should be taught about what they are eating and why…maybe that would help curb obesity if kids were more aware. Just my thoughts.
Thank you for reading about my life and discoveries in Thailand I do hope you enjoy it 🙂
About Carol Taylor:
Enjoying life in The Land Of Smiles I am having so much fun researching, finding new, authentic recipes both Thai and International to share with you. New recipes gleaned from those who I have met on my travels or are just passing through and stopped for a while. I hope you enjoy them.
I love shopping at the local markets, finding fresh, natural ingredients, new strange fruits and vegetable ones I have never seen or cooked with. I am generally the only European person and attract much attention and I love to try what I am offered and when I smile and say Aroy or Saab as it is here in the north I am met with much smiling.
Some of my recipes may not be in line with traditional ingredients and methods of cooking but are recipes I know and have become to love and maybe if you dare to try you will too. You will always get more than just a recipe from me as I love to research and find out what other properties the ingredients I use contain to improve our health and wellbeing.
The environment is also something I am passionate about and there will be more on this on my blog this year
Exciting for me hence the title of my blog, Retired No One Told Me! I am having a wonderful ride and don’t want to get off, so if you wish to follow me on my adventures, then welcome! I hope you enjoy the ride also and if it encourages you to take a step into the unknown or untried, you know you want to…….Then, I will be happy!
Thank you once again for reading this post I hope you all have a creative week xx